Volvo 200-serie(n)




Groep/Grupp A 240 Turbo




Wat anderen zeggen/Vad andra säger


In English




  Volvo 240 and 260 : model changes in chronological order

Table of contents

Five periods10
Model year 1975: B12
Model year 1976: E58
Model year 1977: H69
Model year 1978: L82
Model year 1979: M96
Model year 1980: A115
Model year 1981: B133
Model year 1982: C156
Model year 1983: D166
Model year 1984: E176
Model year 1985: F188
Model year 1986: G196
Model year 1987: H205
Model year 1988: J215
Model year 1988 late: J: Sweden up to and including 31 December 1988224
Model year 1989: K: all other sales markets except France (instead of K, France became 0) and Sweden from 1 January 1989225
Model year 1990: L (France 0)233
Model year 1991: M (France 0)243
Model year 1992: N252
Model year 1993: P259
After model year 1993272



This book is about the Volvo 200 Series that is the Volvo 240, 242, 244, 245, 260, 262, 264 and 265 of the model years 1975 (75) up to and including 1993 (93) for the Dutch and Swedish sales markets. When I consider it necessary, I will also mention versions of the 200 Series destined for other sales markets. The predecessor of the 200 Series, the Volvo 140/164 Series, I will only mention if it makes the story clearer. I will not dive into the history of the Volvo 140/164 Series. The same goes for the series safety cars from Volvo Personvagnar, the Volvo Experimental Safety Car, which borrowed a number of characteristics to the 200 Series.

My ambition is to provide a book which offers a comprehensive picture of the Volvo 240 and 260 Series with the Dutch and Swedish sales market as a starting point, without the pretension to be exhaustive. This is in my experience almost impossible given the many variants of the 200 Series on the many sales markets. I wrote the image of the series from my point of view. How I understand the 200 Series, how I look at the 240/260 using an accurate chronology with the correct model changes in the right place in time.

Instead of calendar years Volvo Personvagnar divided, according to the then customary Swedish habit, the 200 Series in model years. A model year stretched from about September of a calendar year to about August of the following calendar year. The breaking point between model years is at Volvo called ÄT, which is the abbreviation for the Swedish word ändringstillfälle and which in English could be called time of change. Behind ÄT, the last two digits indicated the current calendar year. ÄT-85 was, for example, the change in time for model year 86 in calendar year 1985. Within the design department of Volvo Personvagnar, even a group called ÄT existed. The group adjusted for each model year passenger cars and introduced unique versions of existing models, as well.

As of model year 83 the number of doors disappeared from the designation. The cars from the 200 Series which were then in production, namely the 242, 244, 245 and 265 were from then on called 240 and 260. In my book I use for reasons of simplicity the designations 242, 244, 245 and 265 for the model years 83 to 93, instead of, for example, a four-door 240. If I want to point out the whole series, I use the designations 200, 240 or 260. This applies to all model years.

Since LPG, mainly on the Dutch market, was important for the sale of the 200 Series, I also pay attention to the environmentally friendly fuel. In the eighties of the last century, the use of LPG in Sweden grew thanks to the 240, as well.

I almost always mention the power in kilowatts, which is approximately equal to 1.359 horsepower. The torque I mention in newton metre.

The last two model years the Dutch importer, Volvo Nederland Personenauto, changed the name for the 245 from stationcar in estate. Because the importer used stationcar for the greater part of the model years, I write this word in the Dutch version of the book instead of estate. The change was not new because in the early years of the series the importer called the estate on the Dutch market for a short period combinatiewagen. On the Belgian market, the 245 and 265 could be called combinatiewagen during their entire life. In the English version of the book, I use the designation estate.

The 240, 242, 244, 245, 260, 262, 264 and 265 of the 200 Series are Volvo cars, so when I, for example, write 244, I mean Volvo 244.

With Volvo PV, I mean the car division of AB Volvo, namely AB Volvo, Volvo Personvagnar or the successor of this branch Volvo Personvagnar AB, the then subsidiary of AB Volvo.

During the last model years, the 240 on the Swedish market was only available in a version with the B230 engine. The base of the series was the 240 GL with the 240 GLT as the sporty version and the 240 GLE as the comfortable variant of the GL. For tax reasons, Volvo PV called the GLT and GLE equipment packages for the GL. In my book, I consider each type, however, as a unique car, which means that a Swedish 240 GLE of, for example, model 89 or a 240 SE of model 93 is a variant of its own and not merely a GL with some accessories fitted because of the tax-free limit on extras for business cars with a GLE or SE badge stuck on the rear of the car.

Volvo PV marked the engines of the 200 Series with a B for the Swedish word Bensin, which is petrol, or a D for the name Diesel. Furthermore, the manufacturer indicated the volume of the engine with digits. Thus: 21 meant, for example, 2.1 litres. The letters after the volume pointed out the fitting of a carburettor, a carburettor with turbo, injection, injection with a catalytic converter, injection with a turbo or injection with a turbo and a catalytic converter:

  • B21A: petrol, 2,1 litre, carburettor
  • B21AT: petrol, 2,1 litre, carburettor and retrofitted turbo
  • B21E: petrol, 2,1 litre, injection
  • B21F: petrol, 2,1 litre, injection and catalytic converter
  • B21ET: petrol, 2,1 litre, injection and turbo
  • B21FT: petrol, 2,1 litre, injection, turbo and catalytic converter

I use these terms in this book also to indicate an engine of a 240 or 260. The same goes for the letters M, BW and AW regarding the gearboxes. The M stands for the Swedish word manuell or manual in English, followed by two digits. M45 means, for example, a manual four-speed gearbox. The automatic gearbox may involve a box of Borg-Warner (BW) or a product of Aisin-Warner (AW) followed by two numbers as an indication of the designation: BW55 is a three speed Borg-Warner automatic gearbox.

The book uses a division into model years and a classification according to the following list:

  • General
    Reference of main events of the model year.
  • Version changes
    Reference of highlights of the changes with respect to the previous model year, but also the introduction of new variants and special designs.
  • Powertrain
    Reference of the engine, gearbox and rear axle.
  • Body and wheels
    Reference of the changes to the appearance of the 200 Series.
  • Interior
    Reference of the changes inside the car.
  • LPG
    Reference of things worth knowing about the fuel.
  • Races
    Reference of the main activities concerning racing with the 200 Series.

The chapters on model 75 and 93 are for model 75, because of the detailed description of the construction and character of the 200 Series, and model 93, as a result of the last model year of the series, longer than the other model years. The layout of the two chapters differs.

In this book, I use the past tense. Because the type designations, I write out the other numbers as much as possible.

This book is my translation of Volvo 240 en 260: modelwijzigingen in chronologische volgorde published in June 2011 with some minor alterations regarding text and pictures.



Because Volvo PV sold the 200 Series on many markets and in many variants, it is difficult to get a complete picture of the whole series. For the model years 75 to 78 compiling a complete list of the series would still be a workable thing to do, but producing a comprehensive list of the models from model 79 on would result in almost an impenetrable flora of facts. Being born in the Netherlands and living in Sweden, I have, therefore, chosen the two sales markets as the starting point of this book, namely the Dutch and Swedish. Regarding these two markets I want to be as complete as possible without going into every little detail. What I find important and can substantiate with official sources such as the workshop literature of Volvo PV, I will mention. I also mention variants in other markets if they are of interest to this book. Because of the for the series important North American market, I put also some characteristics of the 200 Series for the United States forward. Regarding special versions such as the 244 DL Blue Star of model 78 for the Dutch market, I mention only a few official variants made by the manufacturer itself or marketed by an official importer. A special version to mark for instance the anniversary of an official Volvo dealer, I will not include in my text.

I will mention the after-sales services regarding the 200 Series when I find it necessary. I mean by after-sales services, for example, Volvo Leasing, the insurance company Volvia, Volvo Test System for used cars, the service package Volvo Touring Service for breakdown cover, financial services from Volvofinans and the loyalty card Volvokort.

Every now and then I use the words in principle because a modification or feature could be true for most models and markets, but not always.

Sometimes cars from the 200 Series were factory recalled because of for instance a defect or manufacturing fault. In principle, I do not mention defects or faults.

Volvo 240 and 260 : model changes in chronological order

  Värt att veta/Nice to know

ISBN 9789163781414

296 sidor/pages

109 svart-vitt bilder/black and white pictures

Format/size: 19x28 centimeter/centimetres

Publicerad via/published through

Eller beställ från
Or order from


Text på baksidan av boken/Text on the back cover of the book

Launched in 1974 as model 75 the Volvo 240/260 series was an important step forward in the field of safety, environment and driving pleasure for Volvo Personvagnar. Also as an engine for the organisational changes within the company was the series essential for the manufacturer from 1988.

From model year 1975 to 1993, the 240/260 series is presented in the correct chronological order on the basis of for example the changes in the implementation of the series, the powertrain and LPG, which was important for the 240 and 260. This book also covers the many faces of the series including business and family cars, diplomatic and commercial vehicles, and racing cars.

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Sidan uppdaterades den 16 april 2015
This page was updated on 16 April 2015